Average life expectancy is between 8 and 12 years. A female rabbit is called a ‘doe’, a male rabbit called a ‘buck’ and a baby rabbit is called a ‘kitten’. Rabbits have a short gestation period – it only takes one month for a litter to be born after the time of mating.
A single rabbit can have approximately 30 young in one breeding season. Litter sizes are typically between 4 and 12. Due to a large number of unwanted and abandoned rabbits we recommend neutering of your pet rabbit at 4 months of age.
Castration of males can also help calm behaviour issues towards owners or other rabbits. Female rabbits especially benefit from being spayed as it prevents two common health problems in the older rabbit; pyometra, a life-threatening infection of the uterus; and uterine adenocarcinoma (cancer of the uterus) the most common tumour in rabbits.